Monday, July 2, 2012

Are we going to witness ‘Zero point level’ of Energy?

We are living in the crisis situation. Look at what’s happening around. The mouths are increasing, the bellies are getting bigger, and we are getting modern. There are more concretes than the branches of trees. Let’s rest our limbs, why not buy a bike or a car perhaps; why not use factories to produce what we need. The result: the number of cars and bikes (i.e. vehicles) now outsmarts the population (probably!); we have to search for traces of trees between the skyscrapers.
What’s such a fuss? That’s what we call modernization... ain’t it? The earth is getting hotter and hotter, ice-caps is melting, land is fouler than ever, productivity of already limited land is at all time low and every time we inspire some air in the lungs, we are breathing poison. What caused this? The obvious answer will be the vehicles, factories and smoke and dust coming out of them.
The truth is, we are over dependent on fossil fuels. More than 90 percent of factories and fuel runs on fossil fuel esp. Petroleum and Natural gas. Fossil fuel, although being poisonous, has traditionally been the irreplaceable part of our lifestyle. They are like the backbone of our system. Fossil fuel is un-renewable source of energy having limited resource. Ever wondered what will happen when the petrol and gas wells dry off? With the current usage, provided new resources get discovered, we might actually see legs back in the streets without any cars and bikes.

Let’s imagine the zero point scenario of the whole planet itself. A day when Arab will have to start cherishing water more than oil. A day when streets will be without cars, factories without spinning wells, airways with just birds; food won’t be produced, won’t be transported. The air will be less filthy; the bums would finally get some rest, with limbs finally getting some work they might get stronger, bellies shrugging off.  The Million Dollar question is, will we be able to cop off with all that? The day will hit us like an apocalypse, as we are too modern to cope all that.
If we are to avoid all these, then one thing more important than ever is to conserve energy. Conserving energy doesn’t necessary mean that we have to stop using conventional energy resources altogether, its never possible, as we are institutionalized using those sources. What we can do is to use some other sources of energy and power, which are theoretically renewable, along with fossil/conventional sources of energy so that we can ease off the load on fossil fuel. It may not prevent the inevitable but will certainly be able to push it little further. Also, in the meantime we will develop a habit of using these sources. The renewable energy is termed as Alternative energy.
When it comes to renewable energy, the first thing that comes in everybody’s mind is solar energy. Electricity powered by the sun, uses solar cells to convert the sun’s ray into functional energy. The installation cost of such plant is high, it’s bulky too, but look at the benefits, you won’t have to pay the utility fees (which mean you can recover the cost in two years) and it won’t shed any pollution.  A method of power that has been present for some time is hydroelectric power, and it is a lot friendlier to the environment versus electric girds. It does have limits, considering there are only so many place that a dam can be set up. Generators that aren’t nearly as significant have been helpful to supplement the larger ones. As the most common alternative source of energy, electricity has been powering everything in our home since ages, and now we have started seeing many electricity powered vehicles hitting the streets.  There is certainly no shortage of energy beneath the ground, known as geothermal energy. The earth has a hot, molten core, which may be used to heat up water producing energy. Turbine engines use the power from the steam and also create electricity from it. If we are able to know the potential of this energy, it might be a very important asset. Windmills and electricity generated from sea waves can be interesting alternatives.      
Waste out of garbage dumps can create methane gas through a specific process. This can then be used in standard gasoline generators, and also fuel cells. Ethanol can be created from a number of sources such as: cereals, starchy sources and even wood cellulose. The practicality of this fuel getting feasible is an additional issue which many professionals dispute about. But we have already seen the success story of Ethanol powered vehicles in Brazil.
Right now there are several kinds of energies being explored and biodiesel is one of these. Soybean, rapeseed, sunflower, as well as numerous plants have oils that can make biodiesel. Oil-based diesel is not nearly as clean, and that is the key reason why larger companies are starting to look into it whereas it started off mostly with individuals. Hydrogen fuel is another alternative with a huge potential. Atomic energy will be the very last illustration of alternative energy. There is enormous potential with atomic energy as a result of how much energy it can generate with the process of nuclear fission. Plenty of people are reluctant about atomic energy due to the radioactive waste it produces.
With so many alternatives to explore as potential alternative energy sources, the future doesn’t seem too bleak after all. The only thing we have to do, if we are no fond of seeing apocalypse in our lifetime is explore and start the ways to conserve energy. We are in safe future if we can find the balance between conventional energy and alternative energy.